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Spring Boot Ftp Client 客户端示例

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本章介绍 Spring Boot 整合 Ftpclient 的示例,支持断点续传

本项目源码下载

1 新建 Spring Boot Maven 示例工程项目

注意:是用来 IDEA 开发工具
1. File > New > Project,如下图选择 Spring Initializr 然后点击 【Next】下一步
2. 填写 GroupId(包名)、Artifact(项目名) 即可。点击 下一步
groupId=com.fishpro
artifactId=ftpclient
3. 选择依赖 Spring Web Starter 前面打钩。
4. 项目名设置为 spring-boot-study-ftpclient.

2 引入依赖 Pom

<dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <!-- apache ftp支持  -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-net</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-net</artifactId>
            <version>3.6</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

3 编写代码示例

这里主要编写一个 Ftp操作类,对Ftp 进行 连接、关闭、上传文件、创建服务器目录、下载。来源网络,具体引用哪里已经找不到了。

package com.fishpro.ftpclient.util;


import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTP;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPClient;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPFile;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPReply;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

import java.io.*;

/**
 * 支持断点续传的FTP实用类
 *
 * @author xiongl
 * @version 0.1 实现基本断点上传下载
 * @version 0.2 实现上传下载进度汇报
 * @version 0.3 实现中文目录创建及中文文件创建,添加对于中文的支持
 */
public class FtpContinueClient
{
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FtpContinueClient.class);

    public FTPClient ftpClient = new FTPClient();

    public FtpContinueClient()
    {

        // 设置将过程中使用到的命令输出到控制台
        // this.ftpClient.addProtocolCommandListener(new
        // PrintCommandListener(new PrintWriter(System.out)));
    }

    /**
     * 连接到FTP服务器
     *
     * @param hostname 主机名
     * @param port 端口
     * @param username 用户名
     * @param password 密码
     * @return 是否连接成功
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public boolean connect(String hostname, int port, String username, String password)
            throws Exception {

        try
        {
            ftpClient.connect(hostname, port);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            throw new Exception("登陆异常,请检查主机端口");
        }
        ftpClient.setControlEncoding("GBK");
        if (FTPReply.isPositiveCompletion(ftpClient.getReplyCode()))
        {
            if (ftpClient.login(username, password))
            {
                return true;
            }
            else
                throw new Exception("登陆异常,请检查密码账号");
        }
        else
            throw new Exception("登陆异常");

    }

    public String[] getFileList(String filedir)
            throws IOException {
        ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();

        FTPFile[] files = ftpClient.listFiles(filedir);

        String[] sfiles = null;
        if (files != null)
        {
            sfiles = new String[files.length];
            for (int i = 0; i < files.length; i++)
            {
                // System.out.println(files[i].getName());
                sfiles[i] = files[i].getName();
            }
        }
        return sfiles;
    }

    /**
     * 从FTP服务器上下载文件,支持断点续传,上传百分比汇报
     *
     * @param remote 远程文件路径
     * @param local 本地文件路径
     * @return 上传的状态
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public DownloadStatus download(String remote, String local)
            throws IOException {
        // 设置被动模式
        ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();

        // 设置以二进制方式传输
        ftpClient.setFileType(FTP.BINARY_FILE_TYPE);
        DownloadStatus result;

        // 检查远程文件是否存在
        FTPFile[] files = ftpClient.listFiles(new String(remote.getBytes("GBK"), "iso-8859-1"));
        if (files.length != 1)
        {
            // System.out.println("远程文件不存在");
            logger.info("远程文件不存在");
            return DownloadStatus.Remote_File_Noexist;
        }

        long lRemoteSize = files[0].getSize();
        File f = new File(local);
        // 本地存在文件,进行断点下载
        if (f.exists())
        {
            long localSize = f.length();
            // 判断本地文件大小是否大于远程文件大小
            if (localSize >= lRemoteSize)
            {
                logger.info("本地文件大于远程文件,下载中止");
                return DownloadStatus.Local_Bigger_Remote;
            }

            // 进行断点续传,并记录状态
            FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(f, true);
            // 找出本地已经接收了多少
            ftpClient.setRestartOffset(localSize);
            InputStream in = ftpClient.retrieveFileStream(new String(remote.getBytes("GBK"), "iso-8859-1"));
            try
            {
                byte[] bytes = new byte[1024];
                // 总的进度
                long step = lRemoteSize / 100;
                long process = localSize / step;
                int c;
                while ((c = in.read(bytes)) != -1)
                {
                    out.write(bytes, 0, c);
                    localSize += c;
                    long nowProcess = localSize / step;
                    if (nowProcess > process)
                    {
                        process = nowProcess;
                        if (process % 10 == 0)
                            logger.info("下载进度:" + process);
                        // TODO 更新文件下载进度,值存放在process变量中
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
            }
            finally
            {
                if (in != null)
                    in.close();
                if (out != null)
                    out.close();
            }

            // 确认是否全部下载完毕
            boolean isDo = ftpClient.completePendingCommand();
            if (isDo)
            {
                result = DownloadStatus.Download_From_Break_Success;
            }
            else
            {
                result = DownloadStatus.Download_From_Break_Failed;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(f);
            InputStream in = ftpClient.retrieveFileStream(new String(remote.getBytes("GBK"), "iso-8859-1"));
            try
            {
                byte[] bytes = new byte[1024];
                long step = lRemoteSize / 100;
                long process = 0;
                long localSize = 0L;
                int c;
                while ((c = in.read(bytes)) != -1)
                {
                    out.write(bytes, 0, c);
                    localSize += c;
                    long nowProcess = localSize / step;
                    if (nowProcess > process)
                    {
                        process = nowProcess;
                        if (process % 10 == 0)
                            logger.info("下载进度:" + process);
                        // TODO 更新文件下载进度,值存放在process变量中
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
            }
            finally
            {
                if (in != null)
                    in.close();
                if (out != null)
                    out.close();
            }
            boolean upNewStatus = ftpClient.completePendingCommand();
            if (upNewStatus)
            {
                result = DownloadStatus.Download_New_Success;
            }
            else
            {
                result = DownloadStatus.Download_New_Failed;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 上传文件到FTP服务器,支持断点续传
     *
     * @param local 本地文件名称,绝对路径
     * @param remote 远程文件路径,使用/home/directory1/subdirectory/file.ext 按照Linux上的路径指定方式,支持多级目录嵌套,支持递归创建不存在的目录结构
     * @return 上传结果
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public UploadStatus upload(String local, String remote)
            throws IOException {
        // 设置PassiveMode传输
        ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();
        // 设置以二进制流的方式传输
        ftpClient.setFileType(FTP.BINARY_FILE_TYPE);
        ftpClient.setControlEncoding("GBK");
        UploadStatus result;
        // 对远程目录的处理
        String remoteFileName = remote;
        if (remote.contains("/"))
        {
            remoteFileName = remote.substring(remote.lastIndexOf("/") + 1);
            // 创建服务器远程目录结构,创建失败直接返回
            if (CreateDirecroty(remote, ftpClient) == UploadStatus.Create_Directory_Fail)
            {
                return UploadStatus.Create_Directory_Fail;
            }
        }

        // 检查远程是否存在文件
        FTPFile[] files = ftpClient.listFiles(new String(remoteFileName.getBytes("GBK"), "iso-8859-1"));
        if (files.length == 1)
        {
            long remoteSize = files[0].getSize();
            File f = new File(local);
            long localSize = f.length();
            if (remoteSize == localSize)
            {
                return UploadStatus.File_Exits;
            }
            else if (remoteSize > localSize)
            {
                return UploadStatus.Remote_Bigger_Local;
            }

            // 尝试移动文件内读取指针,实现断点续传
            result = uploadFile(remoteFileName, f, ftpClient, remoteSize);

            // 如果断点续传没有成功,则删除服务器上文件,重新上传
            if (result == UploadStatus.Upload_From_Break_Failed)
            {
                if (!ftpClient.deleteFile(remoteFileName))
                {
                    return UploadStatus.Delete_Remote_Faild;
                }
                result = uploadFile(remoteFileName, f, ftpClient, 0);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            result = uploadFile(remoteFileName, new File(local), ftpClient, 0);
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 断开与远程服务器的连接
     *
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public void disconnect()
            throws IOException {
        if (ftpClient.isConnected())
        {
            ftpClient.disconnect();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 递归创建远程服务器目录
     *
     * @param remote 远程服务器文件绝对路径
     * @param ftpClient FTPClient对象
     * @return 目录创建是否成功
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public UploadStatus CreateDirecroty(String remote, FTPClient ftpClient)
            throws IOException {
        UploadStatus status = UploadStatus.Create_Directory_Success;
        String directory = remote.substring(0, remote.lastIndexOf("/") + 1);
        if (!directory.equalsIgnoreCase("/")
                && !ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(new String(directory.getBytes("GBK"), "iso-8859-1")))
        {
            // 如果远程目录不存在,则递归创建远程服务器目录
            int start = 0;
            int end = 0;
            if (directory.startsWith("/"))
            {
                start = 1;
            }
            else
            {
                start = 0;
            }
            end = directory.indexOf("/", start);
            while (true)
            {
                String subDirectory = new String(remote.substring(start, end).getBytes("GBK"), "iso-8859-1");
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(subDirectory))
                {
                    if (ftpClient.makeDirectory(subDirectory))
                    {
                        ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(subDirectory);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        System.out.println("创建目录失败");
                        return UploadStatus.Create_Directory_Fail;
                    }
                }

                start = end + 1;
                end = directory.indexOf("/", start);

                // 检查所有目录是否创建完毕
                if (end <= start)
                {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        return status;
    }

    /**
     * 上传文件到服务器,新上传和断点续传
     *
     * @param remoteFile 远程文件名,在上传之前已经将服务器工作目录做了改变
     * @param localFile 本地文件File句柄,绝对路径
     * @param ftpClient FTPClient引用
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public UploadStatus uploadFile(String remoteFile, File localFile, FTPClient ftpClient, long remoteSize)
            throws IOException {
        UploadStatus status;
        // 显示进度的上传
        long step = localFile.length() / 100;
        long process = 0;
        long localreadbytes = 0L;
        RandomAccessFile raf = new RandomAccessFile(localFile, "r");
        OutputStream out = ftpClient.appendFileStream(new String(remoteFile.getBytes("GBK"), "iso-8859-1"));
        // 断点续传
        if (remoteSize > 0)
        {
            ftpClient.setRestartOffset(remoteSize);
            process = remoteSize / step;
            raf.seek(remoteSize);
            localreadbytes = remoteSize;
        }
        byte[] bytes = new byte[1024];
        int c;
        while ((c = raf.read(bytes)) != -1)
        {
            out.write(bytes, 0, c);
            localreadbytes += c;
            if (localreadbytes / step != process)
            {
                process = localreadbytes / step;
                System.out.println("上传进度:" + process);
                // TODO 汇报上传状态
            }
        }
        out.flush();
        raf.close();
        out.close();
        boolean result = ftpClient.completePendingCommand();
        if (remoteSize > 0)
        {
            status = result ? UploadStatus.Upload_From_Break_Success : UploadStatus.Upload_From_Break_Failed;
        }
        else
        {
            status = result ? UploadStatus.Upload_New_File_Success : UploadStatus.Upload_New_File_Failed;
        }

        return status;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        FtpContinueClient myFtp = new FtpContinueClient();
        try
        {
            //myFtp.connect("192.168.1.245", 21, "aircom", "123456");
            // myFtp.ftpClient.makeDirectory(new
            // String("电视剧".getBytes("GBK"),"iso-8859-1"));
            // myFtp.ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(new
            // String("电视剧".getBytes("GBK"),"iso-8859-1"));
            // myFtp.ftpClient.makeDirectory(new
            // String("走西口".getBytes("GBK"),"iso-8859-1"));
            // System.out.println(myFtp.upload("E:\\yw.flv", "/yw.flv",5));
            // System.out.println(myFtp.upload("E:\\走西口24.mp4","/央视走西口/新浪网/走西口24.mp4"));
            //System.out.println(myFtp.download("2.txt", "H:\\sfa.txt"));
            //myFtp.disconnect();
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {

            System.out.println("连接FTP出错:" + e.getMessage());
        }
    }

    public enum DownloadStatus
    {
        Remote_File_Noexist, // 远程文件不存在
        Local_Bigger_Remote, // 本地文件大于远程文件
        Download_From_Break_Success, // 断点下载文件成功
        Download_From_Break_Failed, // 断点下载文件失败
        Download_New_Success, // 全新下载文件成功
        Download_New_Failed; // 全新下载文件失败
    }

    public enum UploadStatus
    {
        Create_Directory_Fail, // 远程服务器相应目录创建失败
        Create_Directory_Success, // 远程服务器闯将目录成功
        Upload_New_File_Success, // 上传新文件成功
        Upload_New_File_Failed, // 上传新文件失败
        File_Exits, // 文件已经存在
        Remote_Bigger_Local, // 远程文件大于本地文件
        Upload_From_Break_Success, // 断点续传成功
        Upload_From_Break_Failed, // 断点续传失败
        Delete_Remote_Faild; // 删除远程文件失败
    }
}


在启动文件中

@SpringBootApplication
public class FtpclientApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        SpringApplication.run(FtpclientApplication.class, args);

        /*FtpContinueClient*/
        FtpContinueClient ftp=new FtpContinueClient();
        String filePath="";
        String filename="";
        try{
            ftp.connect("192.168.0.1",21,"administrator","xxdfsdfs^");
            FtpContinueClient.UploadStatus uploadStatus= ftp.upload(filePath,"/"+filename);
            ftp.disconnect();

        }catch (Exception ex){
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }finally {

        }
    }

}

本示例支持断点续传,能够解决大部分FTP客户端上传问题

本项目源码下载

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